英國文法大師 Alexander L G寫過名作Advanced Grammar和New C oncept English,他鼓勵學習英語的人多用片語動詞 (phrasal ver b)。他舉了一個很有趣的例子:你聽到有人敲門,你會不說〝Enter 〞,而是用:Come in。常看影集的人可能會用:Come on in。說Co me in也好,Come on in也好,二者都是片語動詞,也是英美兩國人脫口而出的常用語。

  美國人喜歡用〝come on in〞,英國人用〝come in〞。Alexande r是英國學者,所以他說:〝有人敲門時,我們常說〝Come in〞而不說〝enter〞。〝come on in〞是三字一體的片語,三字一體的片語動詞中,含〝on〞的相當多。

  過去「企業英語教室」談過幾次片語動詞,但我們多半談兩個字組成的片語動詞,今天介紹給讀者的是含〝on〞的三字一體片語。每一個片語用一分鐘時間 讀,讀過後,眼睛不看報紙,看看自己能不能把例句再說一遍,說出來,就過關了。以下10句,只要10分鐘,你的片語起碼就過了第一關。

  1.cash in on:謀取利益

  〝The shop be cash in on temporary shortage by raising pr ice商家趁一時缺貨而提高價格從中獲利.〞

  2.zero in on:鎖定、對準目標

  〝The police have ZEROED IN ON the man they believe to be responsible for the murder.〞

  3.clamp down on:施加壓力;取締

  〝The government has decided to clamp down on all forms o f illegal gambling.〞

  4.read up on:熟讀

  〝You need to read up on all the traffic codes before you learn driving.〞

  5.brush up on:復習

  〝Before the examination, remember to sort out the lectur e notes to brush up on all the important points.〞

  6.check up on:檢查

  〝The manager asked the secretary to check up on all thef iles before posting them.〞

  7.come down on:要求;處罰

  〝The bank came down on its debtors for immediate payment .〞

  8.get in on:分享;參與

  〝The company tried to get in on our market.〞

  9.cut down on:減少;削減

  〝Companies started to cut down on their expenses duringt he economic downturn.〞

  10.fall back on:求助於

  〝He has spent all his savings and now has nothing to fal l back on.〞

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