1. speak to sb. in a certain kind of language (1.1)
He spoke to foreigners in broken English.

2. be blind in (1.2) 瞎的
He is blind in his left ear.

3. have difficulty / trouble / a hard time / fun / a good time (in) Ving / with N (1.2)
(1) He has difficulty (in) communicating with his parents.
(2) He has difficulty with his math.

4. be in good shape = in good health (1.2)
He is in good shape. = He is in good health.

5. in a rush = in a hurry = in haste (1.3) 匆忙
He left in a rush. = He left in a hurry.

6. play a … role in st (1.7) 扮演某種角色
Parents play and important role in their children's lives.

7. keep st in mind (1.9) 記在心裡
You saved my life, and I'll always keep that in mind.

8. take part in = participate in st = be involved in st (1.11) 參與
Jeff took part in many extracurricular activities, including music and sport.

9. be in a good / bad mood (1.11) 心情好/壞
cf. be in high / low spirits 興高采烈 /心情低落
(1) He is in a good mood.
(2) He was in low spirits.

10. in time (1.12) 及時
cf. on time 準時
(1) She usually gets home in time to cook dinner.
(2) He arrived on time.

11. hand st in (1.12) 繳交
Hand in your exam papers, please.

12. in short supply (2.4) 短缺
in many places, food is in short supply.

13. in return (2.5) 回報
What can I do in return for your help?

14. be rich in st. = be abundant in st (2.6) 充裕
Saudi Arabia is abundant in oil.

15. in use (2.7) 使用中
The copying machine is in use. You'll have to wait.

16. in fact = as a matter of fact (2.12) 事實上
In fact, he is a good friend of mine.

17. come in first place (3.3) 得第一名
Sarah came in first place in the contest.

18. in other words = that is = that is (3.3) 換句話說
No matter what difficulties you may meet, we believe you will succeed in the end. In other words, we have confidence in you.

19. result in = lead to = bring about = cause = give rise to (3.6) 導致
cf. result from = arise from 起因於
(1) Too much smoking resulted in his lung cancer.
(2) The fire resulted from his carelessness.

20. have faith in … = have belief in … = have trust in …. (3.7) 信任
The students have no faith in the teacher.

21. dress (oneself) in … = be dressed in … (3.9) 穿著
He is dressed in white.

22. in vain (3.9) 枉然
We tried to open the door, but in vain.

23. take an interest in … = be interested in (3.10) 對……有興趣
He takes an interest in skiing.

24. in season (3.10) 旺季;正當時令 ←→ out of season
Fruit is cheapest in season.

25. originate in N (時/地/原因) (3.12) 起源於……
cf. originate from / with sb
(1) The game originated in the ninth century.
(2) Most people's psychological problems originate in their early relationship with
their parents.
(3) The style of architecture originated from / with the ancient Greeks.

26. in + Ving = when S + V (4.4)
cf. on + Ving = as soon as S + V = the moment/minute/instant S + V 一……就
(1) Be careful in crossing the street.
(2) On seeing me, he ran away.

27. in sight (4.4) 看得見 ←→ out of sight 看不見
(1) not a single person was in sight, and John began to feel frightened.

28. be in for st (4.4) 必定會遭受……;經歷
According to the weather forecast, we are in for a long dry season this year.

29. in revolt (4.7) 反抗;造反
The workers are in revolt because their employer treats them badly.

30. plug st in … (4.7) 接上電源
Plug in the TV, please.

31. put st in a new light = change the situation (4.10) 改變形勢
The discovery of this theory has put the whole thing in a new light.

32. pour in (5.2) 大量湧入
Money and food poured in from all over the country.

33. in advance (5.4) 預先
You had better make the reservations for your holiday in advance.

34. check in (5.5) 辦理登記手續
Passengers should check in two hours before their departure time.

35. consist in = lie in (5.8) 在於
Happiness consists in contentment.

36. lose no time in Ving (5.9) 立刻
Once the quest speaker arrived, the chairperson lost no time in getting the meeting

37. take in = go to see or visit (6.3)
When I go to New York for a holiday, I always take in a musical on Broadway.

38. be in charge of … = be responsible for (6.6) 負責
When our boss is away, Sam is in charge of the company.

39. take the initiative in Ving (6.6) 率先
He took the initiative in donating blood.

40. in the shade (6.7) 在陰涼處
They were sitting in the shade of a tree chatting.

41. in person (6.9) 親自
I am going to see her in person.

42. in a sense (6.10) 在某種意義上
He sent me a bunch of flowers after the Quarrel. In a sense he was making an

43. be (deeply) rooted in (6.10) 根源於
His fear of darkness is rooted in an unpleasant memory from his childhood.

44. in print (6.11) 已印好;已出版
He was very proud to see his article in print. He gave copies to all of his friends.

45. major in st 主修
minor in st (6.12) 副修
She majors in astronomy and hopes to become an astronomer some day


1. fall on (1.4) 適逢
Halloween falls on October 31.

2. play a trick on sb (1.4) 惡作劇
He always plays a trick on me.

3. on the other hand (1.7) 另一方面
The job doesn’t pay well, but on the other hand, you just have to work four hours a day.

4. have a … effect / influence on N (1.7) 對……有影響
Some TV programs have a bad effect on small children.

5. on time (1.8) 準時
The train arrived on time.

6. on one’s knees (1.8) 跪下
She got down on her knees to pray.

7. on the / one’s way to N (1.8) 在……途中
On my way home, I met Jane.

8. depend on sb for st (1.11) 依賴
Small children depend on their parents for almost everything.

9. on hand (1.12) 在手邊
The nurse will be on hand if you need her.

10. set one’s heart on st (2.2) 醉心於
He set his heart on the bike.

11. let on (2.2) 使人以為
The old man likes to let on that he is very rich.

12. compliment sb on st (2.5) 讚美
I must compliment you on your progress in English.

13. congratulate sb on N / Ving (2.5) 恭賀
(1) We congratulated him on his good exam results.
(2) We congratulated him on having passed the entrance exam.

14. on sale (2.5) 拍賣
The shirt is only NT$500. I bought it on sale.

15. (people) live on (food/money) (2.5) 以……為主食;以……過活
(animals) feed on (food) (6.2) 以……為主食
(1) We Chinese live on rice.
(2) It’s hard for him to live on NT$5.000 a month.
(3) Cattle and sheep feed on grass.

16. on one’s own (2.6) 靠自己
His father is the president of the company, but he got his job on his own.

17. to be on the safe side (2.9) 以防萬一
The sun is shining, but I will take an umbrella to be on the safe side.

18. on purpose = purposely = intentionally 故意 ←→ by accident = accidentally
He said that on purpose.

19. on earth = in the world 世界上;究竟
(1) There are many animals on earth.
(2) Where on earth do you live?

20. catch on = become popular (2.12) 風行;流行開來
The hair style caught on in Taipei soon.

21. insist that S (should) V (3.1) 堅持
insist on N / Ving
(1) Some people insisted that the criminal (should) be put to death at once.
(2) Some people insisted on the criminal’s being put to death at once.

22. on the principle (3.2) 在原則上
The business I run on the principle that the customer is always right.

23. be based on (3.2) 以……為基礎
This movie is based on a novel.

24. go on a date with sb = have a date with sb = date sb (3.3) (男女)約會
have an appointment with sb (6.2) 約會
(1) Tom will have a date with Mary tonight.
(3) I will have an appointment with my doctor tomorrow.

25. put/place/lay emphasis/stress on st = emphasize st = stress st (3.6) 強調
The book puts great emphasis on love for each other.

26. take revenge on sb for st = revenge oneself on sb for st = be revenged on sb for st (3.10) 報復
He decided not to take revenge on his wife for her disloyalty.

27. go on Ving 繼續做同一件事
go on with st 繼續做同一件事
go on to V 繼續另一件事
(1) He went on doing his homework after a short break.
  = He went on with his homework after a short break.
(2) After washing the dishes, she went on to sweep the floor.

28. knock on wood (3.12) 託神明保佑
I haven't been sick this year, knock on wood.

29. on / upon Ving = as soon as + S + V = the moment / minute + S + V (4.4)
On seeing me, he ran away. = As soon as he saw me, he ran away.
= The moment he saw me, he ran away.

30. settle on st. (4.5) = decide on 決定
Let's settle on the day for the meeting.

31. be / get hooked on st. (4.6) 喜歡上
He got hooked on surfing the Internet.

32. (A) People spend time / money (in) Ving
(B) people spend time / money on st.
(1) He spends a lot of time watching TV every evening.
(2) He spends a lot of time on TV every evening.

33. on the scene (5.2) 在現場
The police were soon on the scene after the accident.

34. on business (5.4) 因公
My father went to Singapore on business.

35. pick on sb (5.10) 找某人麻煩
John always picks on children who are smaller than he is.

36. be on one's side = support sb 支持
Whatever you do, I'll be on your side.

37. put sb / st on the map (5.11) 使出名
The movie The City of Sadness put Chiufen back on the map.

38. hold on / onto st (6.1) 緊抓住
Hold onto the rope so that you won't fall down to the ground.

39. agree on / upon st (6.2) 同意
They agreed on the price for the used car.

40. depend on / upon sb / st = rely on / upon sb / st (6.9)
Whether he will go abroad for advanced learning depends on his parents' wishes.

41. on the advice of sb (6.4) 聽從某人的建議
Jason gave up a well-paid job and studied abroad on the advice of his parents.

42. cast a spell on sb. (6.7) 施魔咒於
Some people believe that a spell has been cast on the Kennedy family.

43. (A) switch st on = turn st on 打開電源
(B) switch st off = turn st off (6.9) 關閉電源
It is getting cold in here. Please switch on the heater.

44. on occasion (6.9) 偶而 = occasionally = sometimes = at times = now and then
= once in a while = from time to time

My father is a serious man but, on occasion, he is funny.

45. be on display = be displayed (6.9) 展示
His latest works will be on display at eh art gallery next week.

46. on demand (6.10) 一經要求
911 is an official organization that provides emergency aid on demand.


1. for one thing (1.3) 一來(用來舉出理由)
I don’t want this gold watch. For one thing, I cannot afford it; for another, it is ugly.

2. for ages (1.5) 很長時間
We haven’t seen each other for ages.

3. wait for sb. or st (1.6) 等待
Whom are you waiting for?

4. look for sb. or st = search for sb. or st (1.6) 尋找
They are looking for their missing dog.

5. (A) be famous / noted / celebrated / distinguished for N (原因) (1.10) 因…有名
(B) be famous / noted / celebrated / distinguished as N (身分)
(C) be notorious for N (原因) (1.10) 因…惡名昭彰
(D) be notorious as N (身分)
(1) Switzerland is famous for its beautiful scenery.
(2) He is famous as a writer.
(3) The ruler is notorious for his cruelty.
(4) The ruler is notorious as a tyrant.

6. be hungry for st. (1.10) 渴望 = be eager for st = be anxious for st = desire st
= long for st

Many young people are hungry for excitement and adventure.

7. be late for (2.3) 遲到
Never be late for an appointment.

8. supply sb with st = supply st to sb = provide sb with st = provide st for sb
= offer sb st = offer st to sb 供應
My parents supply me with everything I need.
= My parents supply everything I need to me.

9. for sure (2.7) 確定地
I don't know for sure what happened to him.

10. for instance = for example (3.1) 例如
Nothing has gone right for me recently. Yesterday, for instance, I failed two exams.

11. stand for st (3.2) 代表
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

12. made a request for st (3.5) 請求
He made a request fro further information.

13. be headed for a certain place (3.5) 前往
We are headed for the baseball park.

14. (A) admire sb for st (3.9) 欽佩
(B) thank sb for st 感謝
(C) apologize to sb for st 道歉
I admire you for your courage.

15. pray (to God) for sb / st (4.1) 祈禱
(1) Let's pray for the homeless children on the street.
(2) The farmers prayed to God for rain.

16. feel / have compassion for sb = take pity on sb (4.1) 同情
Children should be taught to feel compassion for the poor, the hungry, and those in

17. respect sb / st = show respect for sb / st = be respectful to sb / st (4.4) 尊敬
I respect my parents. = I show respect for my parents.
= I am respectful to my parents.

18. for a certain reason (4.6) 基於某種理由
He was absent for no reason.

19. reach for st (4.7) 伸手去拿
He reached for his gun when he felt threatened.

20. pay (sb) (money) for st (4.10) 付錢
He paid the storekeeper a lot of money for a new wallet.

21. account fo st (4.11) 說明;解釋
We ask you to account for your absence yesterday.

22. have a talent for st (5.3) 有天份
He has a talent for singing.

23. leave a place for another place (5.4) 離開
He is leaving Taipei for Tainan tonight.

24. ask for sb (5.4) 求見
A man at the counter is asking for your manager.

25. take A for B = make A for B (5.7) 把 A當成B
They take me for a fool.

26. save … fro a rainy day (5.10) 未雨綢繆
It is wise of you to save money for a rainy day.

27. once and for all (5.11) 最後一次
Once and for all, did you take the money?

28. have a soft spot for sb. or st (6.1) 偏愛
Many children have a soft spot for the penguins at the Taipei Zoo.

29. find room for st 96.3) 有,,,,,,餘地
I can always find room for improvement for my English composition.

30. have a preference for st / st (6.9) 偏愛
My mother has a preference for that brand of coffee.

31. stand up for st. / st (6.10) 表態支持
Thank you for standing up for me when I was being mistreated.

32. It is (high) time for N (6.10) 該是……的時候
= It is (high) time (for sb) to V = It is (high) time that S + should + V
=It is (high) time that S + V-ed (假設法)
It is time for bed. = It is time for you to go to bed.
= It is time that you should go to bed. = It is time that you went to bed.


1. (A) change into / to = turn into / to (1.6) 變成
(B) change A into B = turn A into B = transform A into B 把A變成B
(1) The frog changed into a handsome prince.
(2) The witch transformed the beautiful princess into a swan.

2. run into sb / st = run across sb / st = come across sb / st = meet sb or find st by chance
I ran into John in the park yesterday.

3. go into (2.6) 從事
My brother has decided to go into banking after her graduates.

4. be separated into = be divided into (2.10) 分割
The students were separated into two groups for the game.

5. flash into one’s mind (4.10) 突然想到
An inspiration flashed into his mind.

6. translated A into B (5.2) 翻譯
The novel has been translated into several languages.

7. fly into a rage (5.9) 暴怒
Mr. Black flew into a rage when his son refused to listen to him.


1. stay out (3.3) 天黑後待在外頭不回家

2. figure sb / st out (3.1) 理解 = realize
I cannot figure out why he left in a hurry.

3. help sb out (3.5) 在急困時幫忙他人
I will always remember Jane helped me out when I lost my job.

4. break out (3.6) (戰爭、火災、疾病)爆發
(1) World War I broke out in 1914.
(2) A fire broke out in my neighborhood last night.

5. cut st out (3.10) 停止
The doctor suggested that my father (should) cut out smoking.

6. stick st out (4.2) 伸出
A naughty boy stuck out his tongue and made a face.

7. (A) carry st out (4.5) = realize st = make st real 實現
(B) come true (vi) 實現
(1) He tried hard to carry out his dream.
(2) He is glad that his dream has come true.

8. put st out (4.5) 熄滅
Please put out your cigarette.

9. Watch out ! (4.6) = Look out! = Be careful!

10. be worn out (4.10) = be exhausted 筋疲力竭
He worked until he was completely worn out.

11. bring st out (5.2) 顯出某人特質
Adversity may bring out the best and the worst in people.

12. give st out (5.2) = hand st out = distribute st 分發
The teacher is giving out the exam papers to the students.

13. get …out of … (5.6) 從…中得到
To get the most out your money, you have to be a smart investor.

14. out of one’s mind (5.10) 瘋狂
You were out of your mind to have lent him all your money.

15. day in and day out (5.10) 日復一日
My father works day in and day out.

16. tune sb / st out (6.4) 不理睬;無視於 = pay no attention to sb / st
Tune ut your worries about doing everything perfectly all the time.

17. count st out (6.5) 某人不算在內
A: Who is coming to play tennis this afternoon? B: Count me out.


I. 介係詞的 to

1. a certain attitude toward / to sb / st (1.1) 態度
He has changed his attitude toward his children.

2. according to (1.1) = based on 根據
According to the weather report, a typhoon will strike Taiwan soon.

3. thanks to (1.1) = because of = as a result of = owing to = due to 幸虧;由於
Thanks to my friend’s help, I have learned to have a positive attitude toward life.

4. There is no short cut to learning. (1.1) 學問無捷徑

5. jump to a conclusion (1.2) 遽下結論
She is always jumping to a conclusion.

6. face to face (1.9) 面對面
I was late to school and tried to sneak in through the back door, but I came face to face
with my teacher.

7. award sb. st = award st to sb (1.11) 頒獎
She was awarded a medal for her bravery.

8. listen to sb / st (1.12) 聽
I listen to the news broadcast every day.

9. be addicted to N / Ving (1.12) 上癮
He is addicted to drugs / alcohol.

10. help oneself to st (2.3) 自行取用
Please help yourself to some more cake.

11. subscribe to st (2.9) 訂閱
Tom subscribed to several English magazines / newspapers.

12. (A) prefer N to N 喜歡…甚於…
(B) prefer Ving to Ving 寧願…而不願…
= prefer to VR rather than VR (2.12)
= would VR rather than VR
= would rather VR than VR
(1) He prefers coffee to tea.
(2) He prefers staying at home to going out.

13. pay attention to sb / st (3.2) = be attentive to sb / st 注意
He didn't pay attention to what the doctor said.

14. add A to B (3.3) 添加
Please add some more salt to the soup.

15. (A) in addition to sb / st (3.3) = besides sb / st 除了….之外 (+)
(B) except sb / st 除了….之外 (-)
(1) Besides coffee, he likes tea. = I like both coffee and tea.
(2) The museum is open every day except Mondays. That is, the museum is closed on Mondays.
(3) It was a good hotel except (that) it was rather noisy.

16. switch to (3.5) 轉乘
There is no bus going in that direction. You can take bus number 218 and get off at
the city museum and then switch to bus number 285.

17. devote / dedicate oneself to N / Ving (3.7) = be devoted / dedicated to N / Ving 致力於
She devoted herself to helping the poor. = She was devoted to helping the poor.

18. turn to sb for st (3.8) 轉而求助於
I turn to my parents for help when I have trouble.

19. to this day (3.12) 至今
To this day, I do not know what I said was wrong.

20. yield to sb / st (4.1) 屈服於
He yielded to temptation and had another chocolate.

21. adapt (oneself) to N / Ving = be adapted to N Ving (4.2) 使適應
She adapted (herself) quickly to the new school life.

22. get to a place = arrive in / at a place = reach a place (4.6) 抵達
(1) He will get to Taipei tonight.
(2) He will arrive in Taipei tonight.
(3) He will reach the village tonight.

23. be sensitive to st (4.11) 對…敏感
The baby is sensitive to noise.

24. relate A to B (4.11) 使有關係
The report relates the rise in crime to an increase in unemployment.

25. (A) respond to st (4.11) 反應
(B) react to st 反應
(c) replay to sb 回答;答覆
(1) He responded to my question with a nod.= He replied to my question with a nod.
(2) I won't react / respond to his rudeness. I don't want an argument.

26. (A) do sb. / st harm = do harm to sb / st = be harmful to sb / st (4.12) 對…有害
(B) do sb / st good = do good to sb / st = be good for sb / st 對…有益
(1) Smoking will do you harm. = Smoking will do harm to you.
= Smoking will be harmful to you.
(2) Jogging will do you good. = Jogging will do good to you.
= Jogging will be good for you.

27. bring st to life (4.12) 對…注入生命
A good actor can bring a character to life.

28. expose sb / st to st 使…暴露於…
(1) It is not good to expose one's skin to the sun for a long time.
(2) Students should expose themselves to good books as often as possible.

29. restrict sb to N/ Ving 限制
He restricted himself to (drinking) only a small glass of wine a day.

30. endear A to B (6.1) 使A受到B的喜愛
She endeared herself to everyone very soon.

31. be loyal to sb (6.1) 忠誠於
Mr. Brown is loyal to his wife.

32. (A) apply to school (6.8) 申請學校
(B) apply to sb / st 適用於
(C) apply st to a certain field 應用於
(1) He applied to three universities and was accepted by all of them.
(2) The new law can apply to all foreigners with working permit.
(3) The result of the reach is applied to new development in human cloning.

33. draw to an end (6.8) = come to and end 接近尾聲
The party drew to an end at midnight.

34. be adjacent to (6.9) = be next to 在旁邊
Our office building is adjacent to the park.

35. prior to (6.9) = before
They had a rehearsal prior to the performance.

36. object to N / Ving = be opposed to N / Ving (6.9) 反對
This is a non-smoking car. I strongly object to your smoking here.

37. drink to sb / st (6.9) 為…祝酒
Let’s drink to the success of our plan.

38. be senior to (6.9) = be older than
be junior to = be younger than
be superior to = be better than 優於
be inferior to = be worse than 劣於
be prior to = be earlier than 早於
He is senior to me.

39. look forward to N / Ving (6.9) 盼望
We are looking forward to seeing him.

40. fall heir to st (6.10) 成為…的繼承人
To everyone’s surprise, he fell heir to his late uncle’s fortune.

41. sentence sb to st (6.11) 判刑
He was sentenced to death / life imprisonment / two years in prison / a fine of $5,000.

42. be traced back to … = date back to … (6.12) 追溯
This castle dates back to the 14th century.

43. to one’s 情緒名詞
to one’s joy = to one’s delight to one’s sorrow to ones anger
to one’s regret to one’s surprise to one’s disappointment to one’s relief

44. (A) be married to sb 嫁;娶
(B) be divorced from sb 離婚
(1) He is married to a famous writer.
(2) She was divorced from her husband.

II. 不定詞的to

1. make it a rule to VR (1.1) 經常
I make it a rule to exercise every day.

2. be sure to VR (1.9) 務必
Be sure to turn off the light before you leave the room.

3. have got to VR = have to VR (1.9) 必須
You have got to come earlier tomorrow.

4. be supposed to VR = should VR = ought to VR = be obliged to VR (2.9) 應該
You are not supposed to use offensive words to describe someone's race.

5. be about to VR (2.11) 即將
The telephone rang just as I was about to leave.

6. (A) used to VR (3.6) 過去習慣或過去事實
(B) be / get used to N /Ving
(1) I used to be fat. = I was fat.
(2) I am used to getting up early.

7. seek to VR = try to VR (4.1) 試圖
Many countries are seeking to slow population growth.

8. pressure sb to VR (4.1) 巷某人施壓
My presents pressured my sister to study medicine.

9. (A) be anxious to VR = be eager to VR = desire to VR = long to VR (4.3) 渴望
(B) be eager for st = desire st = long for st
(1) He is anxious to know if anyone has found the camera he lost.
(2) People all over the world long for peace.

10. determine to VR = decide to VR = be determined to VR = resolve to VR (4.5) 決心
= be resolved to VR

11. manage to VR (4.5) = succeed in Ving 辦到 ←→ fail to VR 未能
He managed to retain control of the old car.

12. be prone to VR (4.8) 易於;傾向於 = tend to VR
He is prone to lose his temper when people disagree with him.

13. bid sb (to) VR = tell / order sb to VR

14. be willing to VR (4.10) 樂意 ←→ be reluctant to VR 不情願
He is willing to help those who are in need.

15. enable sb to VR (4.12) 使某人能夠
Computers enable us to do things better.

16. (A) convince sb to VR (5.1) 說服 = persuade sb to VR
(B) convince sb of sb 使相信
(C) convinced sb that S + V 使相信
(1) The salesman convinced her to buy a vacuum cleaner.
(2) The man tried to convince the judge of his innocence, but in vain.
(3) The man tried to convince the judge that he was innocent, but in vain.

17. inspire sb to VR (5.3) 激勵;給人啟示

18. S + V, only to VR (5.4) 和預期結果相反
He went to the beach, only to be drowned.

19. so as to VR = in order to VR = with an eye to N / Ving = with a view to N/Ving 為了
He got up early so as to catch the first bus.
= He got up early with an eye to catching the first bus.

20. motivate sb to VR (6.6) 引起動機
The teacher tried every means to motivate his students to work harder.

21. get up the nerve to VR (6.6) 鼓起勇氣
Tom got up the nerve to ask Jane out.

22. proceed to VR (6.9) 繼續 = continue to VR
After a short break, they proceeded to discuss the matter.

23. have no option / choice but to VR (6.9) = cannot but VR = cannot help but VR
= cannot help Ving 只好;忍不住
On hearing his joke, we had no option but to laugh.

24. be bound to VR (6.9) 一定 = be sure to VR
He is bound to come this afternoon.


1. be proud of sb / st = take pride in sb / st = pride oneself on st (1.1) 以…為榮
I hope that my parents will be proud of me.

2. be ashamed of sb / st (6.10) 以…為恥
You should be ashamed of yourself for cheating in the exam.

3. in front of N (1.1) ←→ in back of N
There is a tree in front of my house.

4. be afraid of N / Ving (1.1) 害怕
(1) He is afraid of snakes.
(2) She is afraid of sleeping alone.

5. be composed of = be made up of = consist of (1.1) 由…組成
The class is composed of 40 boys. = The class is made up of 40 boys.
= The class consists of 40 boys.

6. a lot of = plenty of = a large quantity of (1.1)
(1) He has plenty of money.
(2) He has plenty of friends.

7. (A) remind sb of st (1.4) 提醒
(B) remind sb to VR
(C) remind sb that S + V
The computer reminded me of my date with my boyfriend.

8. inform sb of sb (1.5) 告知 = notify sb of st (6.9)
Have you informed the police of the theft?

9. (A) in case of N (1.5) 倘若
(B) in case S + V
(1) In case of fire, call 911.
(2) In case as fire breaks out, call 911.

10. (A) think of sb / st (1.7) 想到
(B) think about sb / st 想
(C) comp up with st 想出
(1) Every time he sees a girl with long hair, he thinks of his ex-girlfriend.
(2) What are you thinking about?
(3) Finally, he came up with the answer.

11. instead of N / Ving (2.1) 取代
(1) Instead of coffee, I like tea.
(2) Instead of going out, he stayed at home.

12. let go of st (2.2) 放棄
The man wouldn’t let go of the rope.

13. of one’s own (2.7) 某人自己的
This is a car of my own.

14. be tired of st / Ving (2.8) = be sick of st / Ving 厭倦
I am tired of eating the same food every day.

15. (A) be worthy of N (B) be worthy of being p.p. (C) be worthy to be p.p.
(D) be worth N (E) be worth Ving 值得
(1) The problem is worthy of our attention.
= The problem is worth our attention.
(2) The book is worthy of being read.
= The book is worthy to be read.
= The book is worth reading.

16. regardless of (3.1) 不管;不顧
He bought the painting regardless of the price.

17. (A) cure sb (3.8) (B) cure a disease (C) cure sb of a disease 治療
(1) The doctor cured me.
(2) The doctor cured my headache.
(3) The doctor cured me of my headache.

18. ask sb of st (3.9) 問
(1) He asked me a question. = He asked a question of me.
(2) He asked me a favor. = He asked a favor of me.

19. all walks of life (3.11) 各行各業
People from all walks of life are learning how to use computers.

20. get rid of sb / st (3.11) 擺脫
(1) He is trying to get rid of the girl.
(2) You should try hard to get rid of the bad habit.

21. be symbolic of = symbolize (4.4) 象徵
The dove is symbolic of peace.

22. a sense of hearing 聽覺 a sense of sight 視覺 a sense of touch 觸覺
a sense of smell 嗅覺 a sense of taste 味覺

23. (A) of N = adj. (4.8)
(B) with N = adv.
(1) He is a man of importance. = He is an important man.
(2) He works with efficiency. = He works efficiently.
More examples:
a man of wisdom = a wise man a girl of beauty = a beautiful girl
a man of wealth = a wealthy man a boy of honesty = an honesty man
a musician of talent = a talented musician
an animal of great strength = a very strong animal

24. (A) be aware of st (4.8) = know st
(B) be aware that S + V
He is not aware of my absence. = he is not aware that I am absent.

25. a matter of + N (4.8) 大約
Why didn’t you buy him a balloon? It was just a matter coins.

26. fall out of love (4.9) 失戀 ←→ fall in love
He was sad because he fell out of love.

27. (A) think of … as … (4.11) = regard / view / see … as … = look on … as …
(B) think / consider … (to be) … 認為
(1) We all think of him as polite.
(2) We all think him polite.

28. be terrified of (5.4) 非常害怕
I’m terrified of snakes.

29. most of all (5.5) = most importantly
Most o all, stay calm in case of emergency.

30. make the most of (5.6) 好好利用
It is my first holiday for two years, so I am going to make the most of it.

31. by way of (5.9) 經由
The plane goes to Seattle by way of Tokyo.

32. (A) a stack of (5.9) = a pile of 一堆 (整齊)
(B) a heap of 一堆 (不整齊)
There is a stack of books on his desk.

33. in search of (5.11) 尋找(介係詞片語)
He went in search of a doctor for his sick son.

34. search for = look for 尋找(動詞片語)
He went to search for a doctor for his sick son.

35. get hold of (6.2) = find
Please get hold of the manager; there are two customers waiting for her.

36. be capable of Ving = be able to VR
Poetry is capable of opening up new worlds to us.

37. speak of sb / st (6.7) 提及 = mention sb / st = refer to sb / st
Is he the one that you spoke of last night?

38. scores of (6.7) = many
Scores of people in the town have heard of the accident.

39. know of sb / st (6.7) 知道
I know of the girl, but I am not familiar with her.

40. be appreciate of st (6.8) = appreciate st
I am appreciative of your help. = I appreciate your help.

41. not much of a + N (6.9) 不善於
My mother is not much of a cook.

42. in spite of = despite (6.10) 儘管
The plan failed in spite of all the efforts that everyone made.
=The plan failed although / though everyone had made efforts.

43. be ignorant of st (6.11) 無知的;毫無所悉的
The premier was criticized for being ignorant of the people’s suffering.

44. be aware of st (6.11) = be conscious of sb = realize st 察覺到;知道
He was aware of the danger of keeping bad company and decided to leave his friends.

45. (A) rob sb of st 搶
(B) steal st from sb 偷
(1) He robbed the old lady of her purse.
(2) She stole a wallet from an old man.

46. deprive sb of st 剝奪
They were deprived of their civil rights.


1. communicate with sb (1.1) 溝通
It is very hard to communicate with him.

2. fall in love with sb (1.1) 愛上
He fell in love with Mary.

3. discuss st with sb (1.2) 討論

4. (A) be patient with sb / st (1.2 ) 有耐心
(B) have patience with sb / st
The doctor is patient with his patients.
= The doctor has patience with his patients.

5. be filled with (1.4) = be full of 充滿
The glass is filled with milk.

6. associate A with B (1.4) 聯想
People usually associate Paris with art and romance.

7. (A) sb be familiar with st 熟悉
(B) st be familiar to sb
I am familiar with the story.
= The story is familiar to me.

8. decorate A with B (1.7) 裝飾
The room is decorated with posters.

9. go with (1.7) 搭配
The skirt goes very well with your dark hair.

10. be impressed with (1.11) 對 … 印象深刻
I'm deeply impressed with her sweet smile.

11. stick with / to sb (2.6) 堅持到底
Whatever you do, as long as you stick with/to it, you will surely succeed.

12. (A) be in competition with … for … 競爭
(B) compete with … for …
We are in competition with other schools for first place.
= We compete with other schools for first place.

13. mix A with B (2.6) 混合
To make bread, you should mix the flour and the sugar first.

14. trust sb with st 信賴;託付
I would not trust him with my money.

15. (A) provide sb with st (3.2) = provide st for sb 供應
(B) supply sb with st = supply st to sb
(C) offer sb st = offer st to sb
My parents provide me with everything I need.

16. identify with (3.2) 認同
I didn't enjoy the movie because I couldn't identify with any of the characters.

17. be covered with (3.4) 被覆蓋
The mountain is covered with snow in winter.]

18. be pleased with (3.10) = be satisfied with
The teacher is pleased with our work.

19. (A) be annoyed with sb 惱怒
(B) be annoyed about / at st
She was annoyed with me about not telling her earlier.

20. (A) compare A with / to B (4.6) 比較
(B) compare A to B 比喻
(1) When Taipei is compared with New York , Taipei is rather small.
(2) Life is sometimes compared to a dream.

21. deal with st / sb (4.11) 處理;應付
The question is how to deal with the increasing amount of traffic on the street.

22. be swamped with st (5.2) 窮於應付
I have been swamped with work for the past few days.

23. (A) interfere with (5.12) 妨礙
(B) interfere in 干涉
(1) I turned down the TV lest it should interfere with his studies.
(2) He couldn't bear his parents' interference in his affairs.

24. be obsessed with st (6.1) 惦記
For years she has been obsessed with the fear of growing old.

25. start with (6.1) = begin with 以開始
The concert started with Beethoven's Symphony No. 5.

26. (A) conflict with (6.3) 衝突
(B) be in conflict with
What should we do now that our opinion conflicts with theirs?

27. quarrel with sb over sb (6.3) 爭吵
Let's not quarrel with each other over trifles.

28. be lined with (6.7) 排列
The street is lined with shops.

29. be overcrowded with (6.8) 擠滿
Every summer the small town is overcrowded with tourists from all over the world.

30. line up with (6.9) 連接
Our company is planning to link up with other businesses in Japan .

31. with N = adv.
with ease = easily with calmness = calmly with difficulty = difficultly
with anger = angrily with joy = joyfully with fluency = fluently
with care = carefully with courage = courageously with sorrow = sorrowfully


1. at first (1.1) 起初 = in the beginning ←→ at last = finally = in the end
At first, they didn't know each other. At last, they became good friends.

2. at first sight (1.1) 第一眼
They fell in love at first sight.

3. laugh at (2.4) 嘲笑
bark at 吠叫 yell at = shout at 吼叫
The boys laughed at him for slipping on the banana peel.

4. (A) glance at sb / sb (3.1) 瞥一眼
(B) glance over st 匆匆讀過
(1) Maggie glanced at the tall young man and then lowered her head.
(2) I didn't have much time to read his report, so I just glanced over it.

5. at least (3.8) 至少 ←→ at most 至多
He eats at least four meals a day.

6. no … at all = not … in the least 一點也不
I don't agree with you at all. = I don't agree with you in the least.

7. at this time = now (3.12) ←→ at that time = then
I don't really want to change my mind at this time.

8. be good at N / Ving = be proficient in N / Ving (6.11) 擅長 = master N / Ving ←→ be bad at
He is good at cooking.

9. (A) at the thought of (4.9) 一想到
(B) at the sight of 一看到
(1) She sighed at the thought of her lost youth.
(2) She fainted at the sight of blood.

10. jeer at (4.10) = laugh at = make fun of 揶揄;嘲弄
Don't jeer at he mistakes or misfortunes of other people.

11. at the bottom of (5.9) 在底部 ←→ at the top of
you will find the extra information at he bottom of each page very useful.

12. at one's leisure (5.12) 閒暇時 = when one has free time
Do the work at your leisure. There's no hurry.

13. at dawn (6.7) 黎明 at noon 中午 at midnight 午夜
The rescue team started at dawn.

14. at play (6.7) 在玩耍 ←→ at work 在工作
I sat by the window and watched the children at play in the yard.

15. gaze at sb / st (6.8) 凝視
He stood by the window, gazing at his wife in the garden.


1. A is different from B in … (1.4) 不同 = A differs from B in …

This car is different from that car in color.
= This car differs from that car in color.

2. stop … from … (1.4) 阻止 = prevent … from = keep … from

The heavy rain stopped me from going out.

3. (A) hear from sb (1.5) 接到來信

(B) hear of sb / st 聽說

(1) I haven't heard from her for a long time?
(2) Have you ever heard of Bill Gates?
(3) Have you ever heard of Mt Everest?

4. separate A from B (2.10) 分開

The Taiwan Strait separates Taiwan form the Province of Fukien .

5. protect st / st from Ving 保護

We should protect our environment from being polluted.

6. from afar (3.7) 從遠方

I saw him from afar.

7. delete sb / st from … (4.5) 刪除

She asked me to delete some words from my composition.

8. (A) discourage sb from Ving (4.10) 勸阻
(B) encourage sb to V 鼓勵

(1) Parents should discourage their children from smoking.
(2) My teacher encouraged us to study harder.

9. derive … from … (5.11) 由 …… 獲得

He derives a lot of pleasure from meeting new people.

10. distinguish A from B (6.1) 區別 = distinguish between A and B

= tell A from B = tell A and B apart
It is hard to distinguish John from his twin brother.

11. shrink from Ving (6.3) 畏縮

He always shrank from making a speech.

12. segregate A from B (6.10) 隔離

The two groups of football fans must be segregated from each other.

13. alienate A from B (6.10) 疏離

Many elderly people feel alienated from society.


1. look st up (1.1) 查閱
I looked the new word up in the dictionary.

2. live it up (1.3) 狂歡作樂

3. dress up (1.4) 盛裝
If it is a formal occasion, dress up.

4. light st up (1.4) 照亮
You light up my life and give me hope.

5. make st up (19) 編造
He made up the story.

6. show up (2.2) = appear
We waited until she showed up.

7. open st up (2.29) 開拓開發
The building of the free way has opened up business for the town.

8. set st up (2.12) = establish st 成為
My brother is setting up a new company.

9. end up (3.3) (6.5) 結果成為
(1) If you continue to steal, you will end up in prison.
(2) If you keep drinking like that, you will end up dead.
(3) My sister intended to study abroad in England , but she ended up going t o Australia .

10. grow up (3.3) 長大
He grew up in Taipei .

11. break up with sb (3.3) 分手
He has just broken up with his girlfriend.

12. (A) pick st up 撿起某物
(B) pick sb up (3.6) 用車接人
(1) Pick up the trash.
(2) I'll pick you up at 7 o'clock.

13. clean st up (3.11) 清除乾淨
I usually help my mother clean up the mess in the kitchen after dinner.

14. hang up (5.4) 掛電話
I am sorry I cannot hear you clearly. Hang up the phone and I will call you back.

15. up to (5.5) 高達
Up t o forty people were killed in the accident.

16. up to date ←→ out of date
up-to-date ←→ out-of-date
(1) She likes to buy the most up-to-date clothes.
(2) She wears clothes that are up to date.

17. ups and downs (6.1) 起起落落
There are ups and downs in life.

18. tune st up (6.6) 調整
The engine of the car needs to be tuned up.


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