###課文###
Narrator:>Cecil and Prissy complain about losing their coffee breaks at work.
旁白:西索和蘋思上班的時候在抱怨他們的咖啡休息時間被取消了。
Cecil:>Did you hear that our supervisor is going to do away with our coffee breaks?
西索:主管要取消咖啡休息時間的事妳聽說了嗎?
Prissy:>That's terrible! And it's not fair.
蘋思:爛死了!而且不公平。
Cecil:>I never thought our boss could be so mean.
西索:我從來不知道我們主管那麼煩。
Prissy:>We should talk to his boss. That should do the trick.
蘋思:我們應該跟他上司談談,應該會有點用。
Cecil:>I don't know. He might get angry.
西索:我不知道,他可能會生氣。
#E NO08>Prissy:>Come on. Everyone has to do their bit. _
NO09>We're part of a team.
#C 蘋思:別這樣,每個人都應該盡力, _
我們都是團體的一份子。
Cecil:>I really don't know. NO11>I don't want to cause any trouble.
西索:我真的不知道,我不想惹麻煩。
Prissy:>Well, aren't you the one who always tells me to do good for others?
蘋思:嗯,你不是總是要我做對別人有益的事嗎?
Cecil:>I guess you're right.
西索:我想妳是對的。
Prissy:>This is a do-or-die situation for me. I need my coffee!
蘋思:對我來說不成功無寧死,我需要咖啡!
Cecil:>But if the boss gets angry, then I'm done for!
西索:但是如果老闆生氣了,我就完了。
Prissy:>Don't worry. You'll do a great job.
#C 蘋思:別擔心,你會做得很好的。

###詞彙###
do away with 終止
do the trick 起作用
do (one's) bit 盡(某人)的一份力量
do good 對(某人)有好處
do-or-die 不成功毋寧死
do for 完蛋;毀滅

###短語###

do (someone) a favor幫(某人)的忙

Could you do me a favor? I need to borrow some money.
你可以幫我一個忙嗎?我需要借點錢。
Benjamin did us a big favor by driving us to the store.
班傑明載我們到店裡,幫了我們一個大忙。
英語廣角鏡

do (someone) a favor 就是 help 的意思,還有一個片語意思和它很相近,就是 give (someone) a hand,中文比較接近的翻譯是「對(某人)伸出援手」。
當你說 could you do me a favor 時,你也可以說 could you do a favor for me 不過要注意的是:不可以說 could you do a favor to me,這是不正確的英文。
另外,如果你對別人說 do me a favor,或是 do a favor for me, 都是非常不禮貌的。這樣的命令句只能用在很熟的朋友當中。
最後,讀者可能會看過 favour 這種拼法,而可能會疑惑這是什麼字。其實這是 favor 的英式拼法。有些字英式和美式的拼法會稍微有點差別,例如 color 的英式拼法是 colour,practice 的英式拼法是 practise。下次看到這些字,不要以為是打錯字喔!

do a good job做得很好

Kim did a good job on her school report.
晶的學校報告寫得很好。
我想我那單元寫得不太好。

英語廣角鏡
do a good job 是「事情做得很好」的意思。good 還可以用別的字取代,例如 excellent、fine、great 等。
當然,如果將 good 用 bad 取代,就是指是「事情做得不好」的意思。且看下面的例句:
Barry did a poor job on his last projects, so this time he wants to do it better.
貝利上個計畫執行得不好,所以這次他要做得更好。

do (one's) best盡全力

Mike did his best on the math test.
麥克盡全力準備數學考試。
I will do my best to fix the car.
我會盡全力把車子修好。

英語廣角鏡
do (one's) best 字面的意思就是「做到(某人)最好的程度」。下面再介紹幾個意思相同的片語:
try (one's) best
do (one's) utmost
go all out
give (a/one) hundred percent
do all (one) can

do in累垮;做掉(置人於死地)

The jogging really did me in.
慢跑真的把我累垮了。
The hard work will do Kim in.
工作這麼辛苦會把晶累垮了。
Cinderella wanted to do Snow White in.
灰姑娘想把白雪公主做掉。
The robber's partners did him in.
這個搶匪的同夥把他給幹掉了。

英語廣角鏡
使用 do in 這個片語的時候,是指「累垮」或「置人於死地」,人都要放在 do 和 in 中間,也就是 do (someone) in。do in 作「累垮」解釋時,和 tire out 或是 wear out 意思相近。
而 do in 作「置人於死地」解釋的時候,是俚語用法,和中文的「做掉;幹掉」意思差不多,與 take (someone) out、knock (someone) off 意思相近。

do (something) over重做(某事)

The teacher made me do the paper over.
老師要我重寫報告。
This is terrible! Do it over.
太糟了!給我重做!

英語廣角鏡
do over 就是 repeat (something) 或 do (something) again。

do up盛裝打扮;整修

Rita did up her hair for the party.
麗塔做了頭髮去參加宴會。
Hannah did up the table with beautiful flowers.
漢娜用美麗的花朵裝飾餐桌。
John did the old house up, making it look like new again.
約翰重新裝修老房子,讓它又煥然一新。
The government did up the old train station last year.
去年政府重新整修了老車站。

英語廣角鏡
do up 除了上面介紹的意思之外,還有「扣;系;扎」等的意思。例如「請幫我將洋裝扣上」就是 please do up my dress,而「把溜冰鞋鞋帶綁好」英文是 do up your skate laces。
至於作「盛裝打扮」的時候,除了指衣著亮眼之外,也有化妝打扮,所以 do up 通常用於女子身上,另一常見用法是 do (oneself) up。例如,「珍妮已經打扮好要去參加宴會」,就是 Jenny has done herself up for the party。

do well做得很好;表現佳

Lisa did very well on her math test.
麗莎數學考得很好。
Vickie always does well in school.
薇琪在學校總是表現得很好。

英語廣角鏡
do well 的相反詞是 do poorly,就是「表現不好」的意思。
例如,「我沒有運動細胞」英文是 I do poorly in sport。

和 do well 意思相似的片語,有前面提到的 do a good job 以及 make out well。
另一個很常用的片語是 do OK 和 do well 意思也很相近。如果有個人小時候很壞,長大後還算循規蹈矩,英文可以說:
Dennis used to be a brat, but now he is doing OK。(丹尼斯小時候是個死小孩,不過他現在表現得還可以。)
不過通常我們都是說 he is doing OK 而不是 he does OK,這樣很奇怪喔!


do well 變成被動式 well done 的時候,是稱讚別人「做得很好」。稱讚別人做得很好,我們還可以使用下列用語:
good job!
way to go!
right on!(衝浪小子常用)
最後,well-done 還是牛排全熟的意思喔!

do what (someone) says照(某人)說的去做

The boy never does what his mother says.
那個男生從來不照他媽媽說的去做。
Sharon told the graphic designers to do what she said.
雪倫叫平面設計照她交代的去做。

英語廣角鏡
常和 do what (someone) say 連在一起用的片語是 not what (someone) do。意思就是「照(某人)說的做,不是照(某人)做的去做」。下面幾個例子,希望能幫助讀者瞭解:
After running a red light, the driving teacher told me to do what he said, not what he did.
教練闖了紅燈之後,告訴要我照他教的做,而不是照他做的去做。
I broke a rule? Well, do what I say, not what I do.
我犯規了?嗯,照我說的做,不是照我做的去做。

do with需要

I could do with a cold drink right now.
我現在需要來杯涼的。
Mindy can do with only four hours' sleep.
茗蒂只需要四個小時的睡眠時間。

英語廣角鏡
do with 上面的用法是沒有被動態的,但是有時候,我們也會聽到外國友人說 I'm done with (something),這句話有很多意思,通常是和「結束;完成(某事)」有關係。
如果我們說「我已經游完泳了」,英文可以說:I'm done with swimming。
小孩子想要出去玩,告訴媽媽他功課寫完了,英文就是 I'm done with my homework.
但是如果不幸和女友分手了,可以說 I'm done with my girlfriend 也就是指「我跟我女朋友玩完了」,也就是說你可能已經把人家給甩了……所以 be done with (someone) 可以用於表示結束了一段感情。

另外一個片語 be down with 聽起來和 be done with 很像。不過意思差很多,請讀者要注意唷。be down with 是個俚語,通常表示「(某人)贊同(某事)」。例如,如果朋友問你要去麥當勞或是漢堡王吃東西,你比較想去漢堡王就可以說 I'm down with Burger King. 如果你覺得都可以,就可以說:
I'm down with either choice.
I'm down with both.
I'm down with whatever.
Either way I'm down.
但是,如果在遊行示威時看到 Down with (something),意思是「反對(某事)」。例如,Down with abortion 就是「反墮胎」的意思。所以有部電影 Down with Love《愛情趴趴走》就是「拒絕戀愛」的意思。

do without沒有……也行;將就

We will have to do without a vacation this year.
今年沒有休假大家可要忍著點。
I could do without another visit to the dentist.
我能不再去看牙醫最好。

英語廣角鏡
do without 是「將就、沒有(某物)也行」的意思。相似詞是 get by without。例如,我們要說「我沒有像樣的電腦也可以過得去」,英文的表達方式就是 I could do without a decent computer。

###短文###
Read the following and then answer true or false for each of the questions that follow.
Kelly told her husband, Jake, that she could do with some dinner. She asked, "would you do me a favor and cook for me?" She asked him to do a good job, because she wanted a really good dinner. But he asked, "what if I do poorly and you don't like it?" Kelly said, "Just do it the way you have seen me do it." An hour later, no dinner had come, so she asked, "Where's my dinner?" Jake said, " I did it just like you do it -- asked someone else to do it for me. But the only other one home is the dog." Kelly looked at Jake and said, "Do do as I do, not as I say."
#Q
1. Kelly wanted Jake to cook dinner for her.
2. Kelly did not care if Jake did it well or poorly.
3. Jake was worried that she would not like his cooking.
4. Jake cooked dinner for her.
5. Jake asked someone else to cook dinner for her.
6. Someone else cooked dinner for Kelly.
#A/T/F/T/F/T/F

###測試###
I. Use the Phrases
Use the following idioms to rewrite the sentences below. Replace the words on parentheses; other words in the sentences may need changed.
#Q
1. Mary __()__ (excellent work) on the report.
2. Jim really made the house special; he really __()__ (made it nice).
3. The hard work really __()__ (made me tired).
4. Peter __()__ (did a bad job) on the homework.
5. Karen was so busy, she __()__ (did not eat) lunch.
6. Kate __()__ (tried as hard as she could) to make Ben believe her.
7. It is hot; __()__ (I would like) some ice water.
8. Can you __()__ (help me)?
#A
do a good job/did up the house/did me in/did poorly/did without/do her best/could do with/do me a favor
II. The Right Word
Use the following words to fill in the blanks.
#Q
Jasper was not a good student. He always did his homework __()__ . Even when his teacher asked him to do __()__ , to make it special, he still did not do it __()__ . One day, his teacher brought his bad homework and said, "Jasper, I want you to do this again, to do it __()__ . And promise me that you will try as hard as you can -- that you will do __()__ ." Jasper promised. The next day, he gave her the homework he had done over. It was poor. The teacher asked, "Did you do your best?" Jasper answered, "Yes, but I did my best while watching a cartoon and playing a video game."
#A
poorly/up/well/over/your best

###句子###
1. 我真的有做功課!
I did do my homework!

2. 他只是在盡本分而已。
He is only doing his job.

3. 我已經從學校畢業了。
I'm done with school.
4. 欣蒂受不了她的老爺車了!
Cindy is done with her old car!

5. 男生不吃青菜也能活。
Guys can do without vegetables.

6. 你刷牙了嗎?
Have you done your teeth?

7. 你對遙控器做了什麼?
What have you done with the remote control?

8. 我會盡力準時完成工作。
I will do my best to finish my work on time.

9. 這張小床給狗睡正合適。
This little bed will do for the dog.

10. 那不會對她有什麼害處的。
That will not do her any harm.

11. 你的新計畫進行得如何?
How are you doing with your new project?




do a good turn
做一件好事

do good
做好事; 有益於

do justice
公平地對待; 公正地評判

do one's duty
盡職責

do oneself justice
公正待己

do oneself proud
養尊處優

do the trick
獲得成功





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