###課文###
Narrator:>Arnie is sitting on the sofa when his older sister, Sara, comes into the room.
旁白:爾尼坐在沙發上,他姊姊莎拉走進來。
Sarah:>What are you doing on the sofa? You should be at school right now.
莎拉:你怎麼還坐在沙發上?你現在應該在學校上課啊!
Arnie:>I can't go to school today.
爾尼:我今天不能去上課。
Sarah:>Oh, what excuse have you come up with this time?
莎拉:喔,你這次又有什麼藉口了?
Arnie:>I have come down with a bad cold. I hurt all over.
爾尼:我感冒了。全身都痛。
Sarah:>I don't believe you!
莎拉:我才不信!
Sarah:>Come on, you don't have a cold!
莎拉:少來了,你才沒感冒呢!
Arnie:>I do, too.
爾尼:我有!
Sarah:>You do not. Come on, I will take you to school.
莎拉:你才沒有,快點,我帶你去學校!
Arnie:>Please! Don't force me to go to school! I have a test today!
爾尼:拜託!別逼我去學校!我今天要考試!
Sarah:>OK. I'll let you stay home just this once.
莎拉:好吧,這次就讓你待在家裡。
Arnie:>Oh, thank you! Thanks for coming through for me!
爾尼:喔,謝謝妳!謝謝妳幫我躲過一劫!
Sarah:>Oh, and your teacher called a few minutes ago. She wants to come over and visit you after school.
莎拉:對了,你的老師剛打電話過來,她放學後要過來看你。
Arnie:>What? She wants to come here?
爾尼:什麼?她要來這裡?
Arnie:>I think I am starting to feel much better. Can you take me to school?
爾尼:我開始覺得好多了,妳可以帶我去學校嗎?
Sarah:>A little lie always comes in handy.
莎拉:撒點小謊還蠻有用的。

###詞彙###
come up with想出(主意;構想);提出(計畫、答案等)
come down with得了(感冒)
come on少來了;快點;來吧;拜託
come through脫險;度過難關
come over過來
come in handy派上用場;很有用

###短語###

come a long way進步很多

Ben has come a long way with his garden.
班的花園漂亮很多。
You really have come a long way with your homework.
你的作業已經進步很多。
英語廣角鏡
come a long way 從字面上看是「經過長距離而抵達」的意思,之後引申意為「進步很多;有長足的發展」。因為進步是一步一步,並非一蹴可幾的,所以這個片語常常使用完成式,表示這樣的進步是從過去發生,未來仍然會延續下去。例如,我們說「生物技術自九0年代以來,已經有長足的進步」。英文是 biotechnology has come a long way since the 1990s。
另一個和 come a long way 類似的片語是 come far。小羅斯福總統在一九三七年第二任就職演說中提到:true, we have come far from the days of stagnation and despair,這句話的意思就是「我們的確從蕭條絕望的日子一路走了過來」。在這裡 come far 的含意就是他們現在已經從最艱困的日子撐過來了。
比較這兩個片語,可以注意到這兩個片語的例句都用了完成式,不同的地方在於:come a long way 後面加的是 with,而 come far 後面加的是 from。這兩個片語的異同處,讀者可要仔細釐清喔!

come across無意間發現或看到(東西)

I came across this letter while looking in a box.
我在翻箱子的時候,無意間發現了這封信。
Where did you come across this beautiful painting?
你是在哪裡發現這幅美麗的畫啊?
英語廣角鏡
英文中意思是「無意間發現或是看到」的片語,除了這裡介紹的 come across 之外,下面還有幾個意思類似的片語很值得認識:
A bump into B 無意間巧遇某人,或是和某人不期而遇。
例如:
It was embarrassing for him to bump into one of his ex-girlfriends last night.
昨天晚上撞見其中一個前女友真是讓他尷尬。
A run into B 無意間巧遇某人。
例如:
I ran into Steve in the coffee shop.
我在咖啡店碰到史提夫。
要注意的是,come across 是無意間發現「東西」,而 run into 和 bump into 是指無意間遇見「人」。兩者不能混用喔!

come along (with)陪伴;進行;進步

I'm going out. You should come along.
我要出去,你應該要跟來。
Lisa came along with me to the store.
麗莎跟我一起去店裡。
How is your work coming along?
工作進展得如何?
Drew's homework is not coming along well.
得祿的功課進步不多。
英語廣角鏡
細心的讀者可能有注意到,在上面的例句中,come along 有時候有加 with,有時候卻沒有。那是因為如果 come along 後面如果還有名詞(或是代名詞)的話,就需要加介係詞 with,不然就不用加介係詞 with。
除此之外,come along 還可以用於邀請別人。例如,邀請別人去跳舞,我們可以說:come along, let's hit the dance floor。(一起來吧,我們跳舞去。)如果你和一票朋友去看電影,後來要再邀別的朋友加入,就可以說:come along with us(一起來嘛!)。
come along with 的相似詞是 go along with。兩者意義幾乎一樣,但是 come along with 是實質上「跟隨」的意思,而 go along 除了有實質上跟隨的意義之外,還能用於抽象意義上的「贊成、支持」。

come out出來;上市

Come out and look at the garden.
出來看看花園。
Sean finally came out from his room and confessed he was wrong.
尚恩終於從他的房間走出來,並承認他做錯了。
The new movie is coming out next week.
新電影下周上映。
When will the fall fashions come out?
秋裝何時上市?

英語廣角鏡
come out 和 go out 都可指從裡面到外面的動作。差別在於說話者所在的位置不同。come out 是人在外面,要人從裡面出來,而 go out 是人在裡面,命令別人出去。
come out 作「上市」的時候,通常是指書籍的出版、電影或是流行品的上市。
come out 還有一個很特殊的用法。同性戀者公開向人表明自己的性向稱為「出櫃」,英文是 come out,由 come out of the closet 簡化而成;沒有出櫃的同志則是 in the closet。電影《新郎向後跑》的英文片名是 In and Out,內容敘述以為自己是異性戀的男主角終於發現並接受自己是同志、之後再坦然出櫃的經過,所以片名中的 in 就是指 in the closet,out 即指 out of the closet。

come over造訪

Come over and visit next week.
下禮拜過來坐坐吧。
Aileen came over to see me.
愛琳來我這裡找我。

英語廣角鏡
come over 通常都是用在朋友間的拜訪,是比較輕鬆、方便,不用發邀請函的拜訪。假設今天你的朋友剛好要到你家附近,你又剛好閒著,你可以告訴他 come over and hang out with me。(過來找我一起鬼混吧。),或是 come over and have dinner with me。(過來和我一道吃晚餐吧。)
但是,如果今天你住在西藏,你的朋友住在莫三比克,你不會跟你朋友說 come over(因為實在太遠了……)。有時候也可以用 come on over,或是 come by 表示 come over。
和 come over 意義類似的片語還有 stop by 和 drop by。不過這些片語還是有點差別。如果用 come over,是表示你和朋友會待久一點,可能會一起看電影或是一起吃飯等等。
但是如果用 stop by 和 drop by,則表示你只是順道經過來看朋友,聊聊天,敘敘舊,不會待太久,之後可能還會有別的事。
下面的片語也是 come over 的意思,不過這些是英式用法喔!
pop in
pop over
pop round
pop by

come to求援;(金額)總計;恢復知覺

You can always come to me if you need help.
需要幫忙的時候隨時都可以來找我。
Don't come to me if you don't have any money.
沒錢就別來找我。
What does that come to?
總共多少錢?
Your bill comes to... three hundred and twenty NT.
您的帳單總共是……新台幣三百二十元。
At first, the Little Mermaid thought the prince was dead, but soon he came to.
一開始小美人魚以為王子死了,但是不久之後,王子便恢復了知覺。
Robinson came to on a desert island.
魯賓遜醒來時是在一座荒島上。
英語廣角鏡
come to 這個片語不可以用被動式。除了上面介紹的用法之外,下面列的一些說法也很常見!
如果要告訴別人自己「對賴比瑞亞的歷史一無所知」,就可以說:when it comes to the history of Liberia, I know nothing(一提到賴比瑞亞的歷史,我是一無所知)。
當你覺得情況每況愈下,不知道會糟到什麼田地,英文中可以用 come 來形容,那就是 what is it all coming to 或是 what is the world coming to。
再舉一個例子幫助讀者瞭解:「他起先對他太太大吼大叫,現在是動粗打她,情況不知道會糟到什麼地步」英文的表達方式是:
First he yelled at his wife, and then he beat her. That was what it all came to.

come to mind突然想到

An interesting thought just came to mind!
我剛剛想到了一個有趣的想法!
It came to mind that I had forgotten to bring any money.
我剛想到我忘了帶錢。
英語廣角鏡
come to mind 這個片語不可以有被動式,一定是「想法、意見」或「虛主詞」放在句首。
come to mind 是由十三世紀的 come in mind 演變而來,這個片語常常用在一種情況:你本來記得某件事,但是一時之間忘了,突然間又想了起來,這時候就可以說 (something) comes to mind,意思就是 I think up (something),或是 I remember (something)。
另一個和 come to mind 意思相同的類似用法是 occur。例如上面二句例句都可以用 occur 換句話說,意思仍舊一樣:
An interesting thought just occurred to me!
It occurred to me that I had forgotten to bring any money.
除了 come to mind 之外,come to 後面加上別的字,則會構成其他很常見的片語:
come to the conclusion 得出結論
We came to the conclusion that Sean was telling a lie.
我們得到的結論是尚恩在說謊。
come to (one's) attention 注意到
It has come to my attention that some students have been cheating in tests.
我注意到有些學生在考試中作弊。
come to the point講重點;說到要點
I don't want to hear the details; come to the point.
我不要聽細節,講重點就好。
The salesman talked for thirty minutes before coming to the point.
推銷員在講出重點前,滔滔不絕地講了三十分鐘。

英語廣角鏡
come to 有「談到、涉及」的意思,所以 come to the point 字面的意思就是「談到這一點、到達某一點」,也就是「說到重點」。例如:
I'll come to this point later.
我稍後會談到這一點。
美國國會民主黨參議員伯德在批評白宮的北韓政策時,他說到:it has come to the point that, whether by accident or design, the situation in North Korea could rapidly disintegrate...(現在已經到了緊要關頭,北韓的局勢可能有意無意地迅速惡化……
summarize 和 come to the point 意思很接近,為「概括;總結」的意思。summarize 的名詞 summary 也要認識一下!這個字是「大意﹔摘要」的意思,寫讀書報告的時候,「故事大意」就是用這個字啦!

come true(夢等)實現

Jeff's new job was a dream come true.
這是傑夫夢寐以求的新工作。
Sarah was worried that Paul's prediction would come true.
莎拉很擔心保羅的預測會成真。
英語廣角鏡
come true 表示你預料的事最後果然發生了。
在使用這個片語的時候,要注意 come true 的前面一定要放 something。come true 通常會和 deram 連用,例如,在九0年代紅極一時的日本偶像團體「美夢成真」的英文團名就是 Dreams Come True。
come ture 除了可以和美夢連用,也可以和「預測」或是「惡夢」連用。我們要說「惡夢連連」的時候,就是 nightmares come true 囉!
以前的夢想在現在已經發生,我們可以用 have come true 來描述。
例如,昔日科幻小說中上演的情景,現在有些已經成真。比如說,一九八二年經典科幻名片《銀翼殺手》(Blade Runner)中有複製人,二十一世紀的現在,已經用科技製造出來。如果要問「有多少銀翼殺手的情節已經出現在現代社會上了」我們可以說 how much of Blade Runner has come true?

come up出現;升起;走近;發生

What time does the sun come up?
太陽什麼時候升起?
The little boy's hand came up as soon as the teacher asked the question.
老師一問問題,小男生的手就舉了起來。
Did the question come up at the meeting?
今天會議中有提出這個問題嗎?
Some problems came up at work today.
今天工作時發生了些問題。
Susan came up to Esther.
蘇珊走到愛絲特面前。
Dennis came up and talked to Leo.
丹尼斯走上前來和裡歐說話。
Something just came up, so I can't meet with you today.
發生了一些突發狀況,所以我今天不和你碰面了。
I was talking to Sean, and the topic of his ex-girlfriends just came up.
我和尚恩聊著聊著,話題就突然轉到他那一票前女友上。

英語廣角鏡
come up 是很重要的片語,後面加上別的字所組成的片語也很常見喔!
come up against 遭遇到;面臨
這個片語尤其用在遭遇困境的時候。
例如:
Early Christians often came up against persecution.
早期教會的基督徒常受到迫害。
come up with 想出;提出
這個片語用在想出一些辦法解決事情或是問題。後面可以加 idea、plan 或是 solution 等等。
例如:
It didn't take Mindy much time to come up with some great slogans.
茗蒂不需要花很多時間就可以想出一些很棒的口號。

###短文###
Read the following and then answer true or false for each of the questions that follow.
An old memory came to mind when Jenny was cleaning her living room. She came across an old love letter from her friend George. She remembered that George had come to her for help. George talked and talked but never came to the point. Jenny thought George might want to borrow money, but even that never came up. Finally, it came to mind that George did not really come to Jenny for help. He just liked her. So Jenny said, "Come over any time, George."
#Q
1. Jenny asked George for help.
2. Jenny thought about that day while she was writing a love letter.
3. Jenny found something from George.
4. George asked Jenny really for help.
5. George helped Jenny.
6. George needed help.
7. George needed to borrow money.
8. Jenny told George he could visit her whenever he wanted.
#A/F/F/T/F/F/F/F/T

###測試###
I. Fill in the Blanks
Fill in the blanks with the following words. Change the tense of the verbs if needed.
1. The new book __()__ next week.
2. I __()__ this old letter while cleaning yesterday.
3. Mark __()__ me for help last month.
4. Helen has made a lot of progress; she __()__ .
5. Tom just talked and talked, but never told us what he wanted -- he never __()__ .
6. Getting that wonderful job was a dream __()__ .
7. This question never __()__ when I talked to him; he never asked it.
8. Please __()__ and visit me next week.
#A/will come out/came across/came to/come a long way/came to the point/came true/come up/come over
II. The Right Word^ ^Use the following words to fill in the blanks.
Kate had a dream. She came __()__ to tell me about it yesterday. She said she had come __()__ me for advice. Yesterday morning, she came __()__ an advertisement in the newspaper. A movie director had come to town looking for actresses. "It came __()__ ," Kate said, "that I could be in the movie." "But you just started acting school," I told her. "But I have come __()__ ," she said. "I can act well now. I have always wanted to be an actress, and now my dream can come __()__ ."
#A/over/to/across/a long way/true

###句子###
1. 他為什麼遲到了?
How come he was late?

2. 那個小男孩正在長牙。
The little boy has a new tooth coming in.

3. 草莓剛剛上市。
Strawberries are just coming out.

4. 流行總是變化不定。
Fashions always come and go.

5. 所供應的衣服有不同的款式和尺碼。
Dresses come in many types and sizes.

6. 他爺爺的死訊傳來,對他是個沈重的打擊。
The death of his grandfather came as a great shock to him.

7. 感恩節快到了!
Thanksgiving is coming!

8. 他在期中考考了第一名。
He came in first on the mid-term exam.

9. 哈利的女朋友還不到他胸部高。
Harry's girlfriend doesn't come up to his chest.

10. 尖叫聲從閣樓那裡傳來。
A scream came from the attic.

11. 我買筆記型電腦時有附 Windows XP 軟體。
My laptop came with Windows XP.




come and go
來來去去; 變化不斷

come clean
全盤托出, 招供

come down
下來; 沒落; 倒塌

come down to earth
回到現實

come forward
自告奮勇; 被提出討論; 站出來

come full circle
回到原地

come in
得名次; 上市; 到達; 流行起來

come in handy
遲早有用

come into
繼承; 取得

come into collision with
相撞; 衝突

come into force
開始有效; 開始實行

come into operation
開始運轉; 實行; 施行; 生效

come into question
被討論
come loose
鬆掉

come near
走近; 接近

come off
離開; 實現; 舉行

come off it
別吹牛了; 住口

come on
跟著來; 逐漸開始; 進展; 上演

come on the scene
出現

come one's way
同意

come out
出來; 傳出; 長出

come through
經歷; 傳出; 脫險

come to a full stop
完全停止

come to a head
達到緊要關頭

come to an agreement
達成協議

come to an end
結束
come to light
被發現; 眾所周知

come to pass
發生, 實現

come to nothing
失敗

come to terms
達成協定

come to the front
出人頭地

come to the point
到達要點

come to the wrong shop
找錯對象

come together
集合

come true
實現; 達到

come under the hammer
被拍賣

come up
上升; 出現; 討論

come up to
達到; 符合

come up with
趕上; 提出





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