###課文###

Narrator:>Mary is jogging for the first time. Her friend Paul is helping her.
旁白:瑪莉第一次慢跑。她的朋友保羅從旁協助。
Paul:>Hey, you're doing well. Keep it up. Keep up the good work!
保羅:嘿,妳做的很好,繼續保持,再接再厲!
Mary:>Run slower! I can't keep up with you.
瑪莉:跑慢一點!我跟不上你啦!
Mary:>Hey, that sign says "keep out."
瑪莉:嘿!那個標示牌寫著:「禁止進入」。
Paul:>Yeah, they want to keep joggers out of this park.
保羅:是啊,他們不希望慢跑的人進入這座公園。
Mary:>Why do they want to keep joggers from using this park?
瑪莉:他們為什麼要禁止慢跑的人使用這座公園?
Paul:>There are dangerous places in the park.
保羅:公園裡有些危險的地方。
Mary:>If it is dangerous, we shouldn't jog here.
瑪莉:假如有危險,我們就不該在這裡慢跑。
Paul:>Don't worry, I'll keep an eye on you.
保羅:別擔心,我會照顧妳的。
Mary:>Hey, that sign says "keep off the grass."
瑪莉:嘿,那個標示牌寫著:「請勿踐踏草地」。
Pual:>Yeah, and you should keep off the grass. Why are you running on it?
保羅:對啊,所以妳應該離開草地,妳為什麼要在上面跑呢?
Mary:>Why do you keep on telling me to keep off the grass?
瑪莉:你為什麼要我一直遠離草地呢?
Paul:>I'm just trying to help.
保羅:我只是想幫忙而已。
Mary:>I like running on the grass. Why should I keep off the grass?
瑪莉:我喜歡在草地上跑步,我為什麼得離開草地?
Paul:>There are many holes in the grass.
保羅:草地上有很多洞。
Mary:>Where? Ahh!
瑪莉:哪裡?啊啊!

###詞彙###
keep up維持;繼續;保持
keep out(使)留在外面;(使)不進入
keep from制止;禁止;阻止
keep an eye on (someone)留心;照顧(某人)
keep off(使)讓開;(使)不接近
keep on繼續(做……)

###短語###

keep an eye on看好;照顧

Please keep an eye on my bag.
請你幫我看一下包包。
Daniel kept an eye on the kids while we went into the store.
丹尼爾在我們去店裡買東西的時候,幫我們照顧小孩。
英語廣角鏡
keep an eye on 在上面的例句中是作「照看」的意思,通常是指一直持續看照某人,或是某樣東西。
keep an eye on 也可以用來指「警告、嚇阻」。例如,有個小男生常常去商店裡偷糖果,被老闆抓到不只一次,第五次被抓到的時候,老闆揪著小男生的衣領,惡狠狠地說:「你給我小心一點,從現在起,我會特別注意你」,老闆的威脅英文就是 be careful, I'll keep an eye on you from now on。
我們也可以說 be careful, I'll keep my eye on you。
表威脅的用語除了 keep an eye on you 外,還可以用 watch。例如,在電影《門當父不對》(Meet the Parents)中,男主角班史提勒(Ben Stiller)的准岳父勞勃狄尼諾(Robert De Niro)因故對他非常不滿,因此對他撂了下面的狠話:
I will be watching you.
我會好好的看著你。

keep at持續;使(某人)繼續做

Keep at your studies; good grades are important.
你要繼續學習,成績好很重要。
Our boss told us to keep at it, however hard it gets.
我們的老闆告訴我們不管有多難,都要繼續努力。
Kim kept at the repair man until he finally fixed the problem.
晶逼著維修人員繼續工作,到他終於解決問題為止。
Doug kept at his students until they learned the poem.
道格逼著他的學生把這首詩學會為止。
英語廣角鏡
keep at 可用於指「自己持續努力」,也可用來指「敦促別人繼續做到……為止」,與 keep on 意思相近。
當我們鼓勵別人繼續堅持下去的時候,也可以說 keep at it,就是希望他「百折不撓,繼續努力」的意思。

keep from不讓(某人)做(某事);不要做(某事)

We tried to keep the news from him.
我們試著不讓他知道這消息。
Kathy kept the dog from going outside.
凱西不讓狗狗跑出去。
Try to keep from laughing when you hear the story.
你聽到這個故事的時候,忍著不要笑。
Sherry couldn't keep from crying when she heard the terrible news.
雪麗聽到這個壞消息的時候,忍不住哭了出來。
英語廣角鏡
與 keep from 相近的片語 keep away from 是「避開」的意思,from 後面加「所要避開的人、事、物」。例如「他們避開鬼屋」英文是 they keep away from the haunted house。「不要靠近廚房」,英文就是 keep away from the kitchen。二女相爭一個風流倜儻的男子,雙方互相叫囂:「離我男朋友遠一點」英文會說 keep away from my boyfriend!

keep (one's) head保持鎮靜

Marty tried to keep his head during the fire.
馬帝在火場中試圖保持鎮靜。
Don't panic; keep your head.
不要驚慌,保持冷靜。

英語廣角鏡
keep (one's) head 字面意思是「保持(某人的頭)」,其實中文裡也有個相似的用法,中文裡我們說某人像是「無頭蒼蠅」,就是指他無法靜下心來,沒有方向地盲目亂闖,換言之,keep (one's) head 是不是就指能保持冷靜以面對問題了呢?
下面還有幾個意思相近的片語,可以一起學起來喔!
keep cool
keep calm
don't lose (one's) head
hold it together
keep it together

keep off隔開

We need a fence to keep the dogs off the grass.
我們需要個圍籬,不讓狗狗踐踏草坪。
Try to keep the paint off your clothes.
試圖別讓衣服沾到油漆。
英語廣角鏡
keep off 帶有「把東西隔開」的意思,所以 keep off 雖然有很多意思,但是只要掌握其核心意義,其實很容易就可以記起來了!
比如說,keep off 可用在「忌吃(某種食物或是飲料)」,例如,「吉姆永遠都在減肥,所以不吃冰淇淋」,這句話英文是 Jim is permanently on a diet, so he has to keep off ice cream。「除非是特殊的場合,不然他不喝酒」,就可以說 he keeps off alcohol except for special occasions。

keep on繼續

The students kept on working all week.
學生們整個星期來都很用功。
Keep on singing; you sound great.
繼續唱,你唱得很棒。
英語廣角鏡
keep on 意思是指「繼續本來在做的事情」或「一而再地做同樣的事」,與 keep at 和 keep up 意思相近!

keep quiet保持安靜;保守祕密

Ben did everything he could to keep the kids quiet.
班用盡一切方法讓孩子們保持安靜。
Please keep quiet; we are trying to work in here!
請你們安靜點,我們還想在這裡工作!
We're throwing a surprise birthday party for Alexis; keep it quiet.
我們要幫雅蕾詩辦一個生日派對,不要張揚出去。
Once the reporter found out about the problem, the government could not keep it quiet.
一旦被記者發現了這個問題,政府就無法再裝聾作啞。
英語廣角鏡
keep quite 從字面上看就可以瞭解意思。作「保持安靜」用時,也可以用 keep the noise down 表示。作「保守祕密」解時,與 keep (something) to (oneself) 意思相近。

keep to (oneself)遠離別人;守密

Mia kept to herself during the party.
米雅在派對上都不跟別人說話。
Keep to yourself during class if the other kids are fooling around.
課堂上如果別的小朋友起鬨玩鬧的話,你還是要乖乖坐好。
I heard that Kelly is getting married. Keep it to yourself; don't tell anyone.
我聽說凱莉要結婚了,你知道就好,不要告訴別人。
Larry kept the news to himself, even though everyone was asking about it.
儘管大家都在問這件事,賴瑞仍舊守口如瓶。
英語廣角鏡
keep to (oneself) 意思就是 stay away from others,例如上面的第一句和第二句例句。
keep (something) to (oneself),就是「保守祕密」的意思(如上述第三和第四句例句)。
除了上面的用法之外,keep to還有其他用法,介紹如下:

keep to + (somewhere) 留在(某處)
He's kept to his room for a week.
他已經把自己關在房裡一個禮拜了。
?keep to (something) 侷限
Let's just keep to the point.
我們就針對這一點談吧。

keep up持續;跟上;收拾

They kept the noise up all night.
他們吵了一整晚。
Keep up the good work!
繼續加油!
Dave couldn't keep up with the other students in the new school.
戴甫跟不上新學校裡的其他學生。
I had to run to keep up with them.
我要用跑的才跟得上他們。
Jeff worked hard to keep the apartment up, but he kept it up well.
傑夫很努力地收拾住的公寓,不過他收拾得很乾淨。
How do you keep up this big mansion?
你是怎麼把這幢大別墅收拾得這麼乾淨?

英語廣角鏡
keep up 作「跟上」解釋時,記得後面要加 with,再接跟上的人或事喔。
除了上面的用法外,還有一個很有趣的片語 keep up with the Joneses ,是指「和鄰居比較」。
這個片語出自於二十世紀初在報上連載的四格漫畫,Keep up with the Joneses。
故事是敘述邁金尼一家人(the McGinis)搬到高級住宅區之後,不斷地和他們的鄰居瓊斯家(the Joneses)比闊。只要瓊斯家買了什麼新東西,或是請了新傭人,邁金尼家就會努力跟進。
這個漫畫在報紙上連載之後,大受讀者歡迎,連載了二十八年之後才結束。從此以後,keep up with the Joneses 就是指「和鄰居比較;和左鄰右舍比排場比闊氣」。且看下列例句:
Edward is always trying to keep up with the Joneses.
愛德華老是不斷地和鄰居比較。

keep (one's) word遵守諾言

I said I would help you and I will keep my word.
我說過我會幫你,就會遵守諾言。
Peter kept his word and gave Harry the money he promised.
彼得遵守諾言,給了哈利他答應要給的錢。

英語廣角鏡
keep (one's) word 從字面上看應該就可以知道,這個片語的意思是「遵守諾言」。
那如果說話不算話,英文要怎麼說呢?答案就是 break (one's) word。
另外,keep (one's) promise 也是「遵守諾言」的意思,我們可以一起想想看這個片語的相反詞要怎麼說呢?
沒錯,就是 break (one's) promise!

###短文###
Read the following and then answer true or false for each of the questions that follow.
Paul liked to keep to himself around the of ce. No matter what happened, he always kept quiet. But when he found out his wife was going to have a baby, he couldn't keep his head. He told everyone, and he kept on telling them and talking about it. He kept at it for hours. His colleagues couldn't keep him from talking about it. They could not keep him off the subject. They were glad when the baby was nally born.
1. Before his wife was pregnant, Paul often talked a lot to his colleagues.
2. Paul always loved to chat.
3. When he learned that his wife was pregnant, he couldn't stay calm.
4. Paul continued talking about his wife's having a baby for a long time.
5. His colleagues got him to stop talking about the baby.
6. Paul also talked about many other things.
#A/F/F/T/T/F/F

###測試###
I. Fill in the Blanks
Use the following phrases to fill in the blanks.
#Q
1. __()__ walking fast, and we'll get there soon.
2. You are doing well; __()__ the good work.
3. This is a secret; __()__ about it.
4. We must __()__ our manager about this problem.
5. The sign said, " __()__ the grass."
#A/keep on/keep up/keep quiet/keep at/keep off
II. The Right Word^ ^Use the following words to fill in the blanks.
#Q
Allen's boss told Allen a secret, and Allen promised to keep it. She said that everyone would have to work overtime the next week, and she wanted to keep everyone __()__ knowing. That day, Allen wanted to keep the news __()__ . He tried to stay away from other people; he tried to keep __()__ . He really wanted to keep __()__ to his boss. But people kept __()__ asking him about what the boss said, and Allen just couldn't keep to himself about it. He had to tell everyone. When his boss found out, she smiled and said, "I knew he couldn't keep his head. Now I don't have to tell them."
#A/from/to himself/quiet/his word/on

###句子###
1. 他養了一千頭豬。
He keeps a thousand pigs.

2. 我媽媽開了一家咖啡店。
My mom keeps a coffee shop.

3. 你的花費都要記帳。
Keep an account of what you spend.

4. 物價不斷上漲。
Prices keep increasing.

5. 這只表走得不准。
This watch keeps bad time.

6. 音樂老師用指揮棒打拍子。
The music teacher kept time with her baton.

7. 這裡有一些有用的小祕訣可以記起來。
Here are some helpful tips to keep in mind.

8. 這瓶牛奶不能再放了,我們現在就把它喝掉。
This milk won't keep; we must drink it now.

9. 這些舊書不用再留了。
There's no need to keep those old books.

10. 班長在管秩序。
Our class leader is keeping order now.

11. 我要留下他的電話以備不時之需。
I'll keep his phone number in case I need it.


keep a person in suspense
使擔心; 使處於懸念之中

keep a secret
保守秘密

keep a stiff upper lip
堅定不移


keep a straight face
板著面孔

keep a weather eye open
注意到; 警戒


keep abreast of
保持與...並列

keep accounts
記帳

keep an eye on
照看; 注意

keep apart
把...分開

keep at arm's length
避免同...親近

keep back
落在後面, 阻止, 隱瞞, 留下

keep body and soul together
v. 僅能維持生活

keep company
交往; 陪伴

keep early hours
習慣早睡早起

keep faith
忠於信仰; 守信

keep house
當家

keep in mind
緊記

keep in touch
保持聯絡

keep late hours
晚睡晚起

keep mum
保持緘默

keep one's balance
保持平衡

keep one's head
保持冷靜

keep one's mouth shut
保持緘默; 守口如瓶

keep one's temper
忍耐

keep one's word
守信
keep pace with
並駕齊驅

keep quiet!
保持肅靜

keep the ball rolling
不使中斷

keep the wolf from the door
勉強度日

keep under one's hat
保密





















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