###課文###

Narrator:>Sue tries to encourage Peter to be a better student.
旁白:蘇試圖鼓勵彼得成為更優秀的學生。
Sue:>You're behind in school. You need to catch up.
蘇:你的課業落後了,你得趕上進度。
Peter:>I know, but it isn't easy to catch up with everything.
彼得:我知道,可是什麼東西都要趕上進度可不容易呢。
Peter:>My math class is too hard!
彼得:我的數學課太難了。
Sue:>Well, if you study, you will catch on.
蘇:嗯,如果你用功的話,就會懂。
Sue:>You have to study harder in school!
蘇:你應該在課業上多用功點。
Peter:>I just need to rest a little and catch my breath.
彼得:我應該休息一下、喘口氣。
Sue:>For a year?
蘇:休息一整年?
Sue:>It's midnight and you're playing video games? You need to catch some sleep if you want to catch up in school.
蘇:三更半夜了,你還在打電動?你如果想趕上學校的課業,就得睡一下。
Peter:>I'm not going to catch any sleep with you talking.
彼得:妳一直說個不停,我就沒辦法睡了。
Sue:>The heater is too close to the wall. The room might catch on fire.
蘇:暖爐太靠近牆邊了,房間可能會著火。
Peter:>It won't catch on fire if I am careful.
彼得:我如果小心,就不會著火。
Sue:>You should turn off the heater.
蘇:妳應該把暖氣關掉。
Peter:>I'll catch a cold if I turn off the heater!
彼得:如果把暖器關掉我會感冒的!

###詞彙###
catch up with追上;趕上……
catch on理解;知道
catch (one's) breath休息一下
catch some sleep睡一下
catch on fire起火燃燒
catch a cold感冒

###短語###

catch a cold感冒

Peter caught a cold from one of his classmates at school.
彼得在學校被同學傳染了感冒。
Lawrence caught a cold which lasted for a month.
羅倫斯的感冒拖了一個月。

英語廣角鏡
catch 在這個片語是作「感染」的意思。除了 catch a cold 之外,have a cold 和 catch the flu 也有近似的意思。
此外,catch 還有別的用法喔。例如,我們可以說:
My stomach feels funny; I think I caught something.
我覺得肚子怪怪的,我想我大概吃壞肚子了。
Kathy caught a bad chill during winter vacation.
凱西寒假時得到了嚴重的風寒。
另外,sick 與 ill 和 catch a cold 的差別在哪裡呢?
catch a cold 尤指「感冒」,但 sick 或 ill 都是「人不舒服」的意思。
那 catch a bad cold 又是什麼意思呢?
這個片語就是指「病得很重」的意思。這個片語和 catch (one's) death 意思相同。所以下面三個例句都用來指病得很不舒服。
Chris was very ill. 克里斯病得很重。
Chris caught a bad cold. 克里斯得了重感冒。
Chris caught his death. 克里斯病得死去活來。

catch (one's) breath喘口氣;休息

Ben stopped every few minutes to catch his breath.
班每隔幾分鐘就停下來喘口氣。
It took me a long time after the race to catch my breath.
跑完步,我花了很長一段時間才從氣喘吁吁的狀態恢復正常。
Mia just wanted to rest and catch her breath.
米雅只想休息一下,歇口氣。


英語廣角鏡
從上面的例句,我們知道 catch (one's) breath 這個片語可以用在生理的休息(如運動後),也可以用在心理上的休息(如從繁忙的生活或是繁重的功課中喘息一下)。
在第三和第四個例句中,我們也可以用 take five 和 take a break 去取代 catch (one's) breath 喔!
此外,take five 也可以指「生理上的休息」,例如,拍戲時,導演說 cut! Let's take five,意思就是「卡!休息五分鐘」。

catch (one's) breath 除了有上面介紹的意思之外,當(某人)因為大吃一驚或是害怕而屏息時,也可以用這個片語來形容這個情況!我們可以看看下面的例句。
The assassination of the President made Stella catch her breath with shock.
總統遇刺的消息讓史黛拉嚇得喘不過氣來。

catch (someone's) eye吸引(某人)的目光

The poster will really catch people's eyes.
海報真的會讓人眼睛一亮。
The beautiful young woman caught the eye of everyone in the office.
這位年輕貌美的女性讓辦公室裡的每個人都為之眼睛一亮。

英語廣角鏡
catch (someone's) eye 是指「吸引(某人)的注意;抓住(某人)的目光」。catch 在這裡是「吸引」的意思,尤其是用在「引起(某人)的興趣、注意」上。請注意這個片語中的 eye 須用單數。這個片語也有形容詞的用法,eye-catching 就是用來指「(某事物)非常引人注目」。
下列幾個片語與 catch (someone's) eye 意思相近:
catch (someone's) attention
attract (someone's) attention
get (someone's) attention
至於為什麼 eye 是用單數而不是用複數呢?我們可以這樣想:一隻眼睛被別的東西吸引,還要留另一隻眼睛看路才不會撞到電線杆,所以記得,eye 要用單數喔!

catch in the middle of夾在中間

Don't let them get caught in the middle of that argument.
不要讓他們把你夾在那個爭論中間。
The teacher was caught in the middle of an argument between the school and parents.
老師被夾在學校和家長的爭論中間。

英語廣角鏡
catch 在這裡是「陷入;困住」的意思,這個片語常用被動式,和 trap 意思相近。英文中另一個和 catch in the middle of 意思相同的片語是 be caught in the crossfire。其中,crossfire 是指「交相指責;交相責問」的意思。
下面 catch 的用法,意思和上面的片語很像,但要注意的是,在這裡常用被動式喔!
He won't be here on time, because he is caught in traffic.
他沒辦法準時到因為他被困在車陣裡了。
上面例句的 catch 意思是「碰上、遭遇(惡劣或是麻煩的情況)」。而下面的例句中,catch 是指「需要時恰巧缺乏或是沒有」的意思。
Tiffany was caught without any savings.
蒂芬妮在急需用錢的時候,剛好一毛都沒有。

catch off guard(因突發狀況而)措手不及

The storm caught us off guard; we had no coats or umbrellas.
這場暴風雨下得讓我們措手不及;我們剛好沒帶雨衣或雨傘。
The soldiers caught their enemy off guard.
士兵們把敵人冷不防逮個正著。

英語廣角鏡
catch off guard 是指「在沒有心理準備的情況下,讓(某人)措手不及;出乎意料」的意思。catch napping 是它的相似詞。
讀者可能對 catch off guard 感到陌生,但是在美式英語中頗為常用。使用這個片語的時候,記得要在 catch 之後加(someone)是讓(某人)措手不及的意思。這個片語可以用主動式,也可以用被動式。
catch off guard 在新聞英語中也十分常用。我們可以一起看看下面的例子。
The earthquake really caught the teacher off guard.
(突來的地震讓老師措手不及。)
The Bush administration appeared to be caught off guard.
(布希政府似乎對突發事件措手不及。)
Yesterday the sudden outbreak of forest fires caught the fire department off guard.
(昨天發生的森林大火讓消防部門措手不及。)

catch on瞭解;流行

Mary was playing a joke on Ed, but Ed caught on.
瑪麗對艾得開玩笑,可是艾得聽懂了。

The teacher tried to explain, but the kids did not catch on.
老師試著去解釋,可是孩子們聽不懂。
The new type of music was really catching on.
新類型的音樂蔚為流行。
The new manager's ideas were catching on in the company.
新任經理的想法在公司裡大行其道。

英語廣角鏡
catch on 作「瞭解」用的時候,常常是指聽得懂別人說的笑話(appreciate a joke),或是瞭解別人的弦外之音(understand the point he makes),例如上面的第一個例句。我們再多加一個例句,幫助讀者 "catch on!"
No one can catch on to Jon's British sense of humor.
沒人瞭解小強的英式幽默感。
要注意的是,catch on 中的 on 作副詞用,後面接受詞時,須先加 to。
而在第二個例句中,catch on 就是 understand 的意思。
第三個例句及第四個例句則是指「(某事)大受歡迎或是十分流行。」這個片語用英文解釋可以說 (something) becomes very popular。

catch red-handed當場逮到

The man was just stealing the money when the police saw him; he was caught red-handed.
這個男人在偷錢的時候被警察看到;他當場被逮到。
Kimmy caught her son red-handed trying to take the cookies.
晶蜜當場抓到她兒子偷吃餅乾。

英語廣角鏡
red-handed 引申為「滿手是血」的意思,所以 catch red-handed 字面上是「(某人)作案後滿手血跡,作了案還沒來得及洗去手上的血(或毀屍滅跡),就被抓到了」。就是強調「現行犯被當場逮到」的意思。
要注意的是,使用這個片語的時候,catch 後面要加 (someone),表示 「把(某人)逮個正著」的意思。
之外,這個片語也可以用被動式,英文也可以說 (someone) be caught red-handed。
下列是和 red-handed 意思相近的片語:
catch (someone) in the act
catch (someone) with (one's) pants down
所以,如果「茗蒂抓到她同事在工作的時候上網聊天」,英文就是 Mindy caught her coworker red-handed, chatting with her friends online at work。

catch sight of突然看到;注意到

Alexis smiled as soon as she caught sight of the birthday cake.
雅蕾絲一看到生日蛋糕就眉開眼笑了起來。
You will be overwhelmed when you catch sight of the mountains.
你一看到高山,就會大受感動。
英語廣角鏡
sight 是「看見、瞥見」的意思,所以 catch sight of 字面上就是「捕捉到某個景象」的意思,英文的解釋是 notice 或是 suddenly see。
「我在人群中突然看到我的高中同學」。英文的表達方式是:I suddenly caught sight of my high school classmate in the crowd.

另外一個和 catch sight of 意思相似的片語是 catch a glimpse of。glimpse 是「須臾一瞥、瞥見」的意思。如果我們要說「老師用眼睛一瞟,就發現尚恩考試作弊。」英文的表達方式是 out of the corner of the her eye, the teacher caught a glimpse of Sean cheating on the test,而「我瞥見了布萊德比特」英文是:I caught a glimpse of Brad Pitt。
catch a glimpse of 還可以表示看到未來的走向,或是未來的發展。例如,when my boss was talking about the history of Eastbay Tech, I caught a glimpse of the company's future。(當我的老闆談到東灣科技的歷史時,我瞥見了這家公司的未來。)而 astronomers caught a glimpse of the Sun's future 的意思是「天文學家瞥見了太陽的未來」

catch (some) sleep小睡片刻

With a test the next day, Ruth needed to catch some sleep.
如詩第二天有考試,所以她需要小睡一下。
Dennis only caught a few hours' sleep last night.
丹尼斯昨天晚上只睡了幾小時。

英語廣角鏡
catch some sleep 就是 get some sleep 的意思。
另外一個可愛的講法是 catch some z's,在漫畫裡,表示睡覺的時候,不是都畫 ZZZ... 來表示,catch some z's 就是這樣來的。
catch 後面加別的字,也可以代表類似的意思喔!下面我們再多列幾個和睡覺有關的片語和單字,大家睡不著的時候,就拿起來背一下吧!
catch a wink 小瞇一下
take a siesta 小睡一下
(siesta 來自西班牙文,也是「午睡」的意思。)
take a nap 睡午覺
doze off 打瞌睡
nod off 打盹
catnap 打瞌睡
snooze 打盹

catch up趕上;追上;瞭解近況

I ran too fast; Peter couldn't catch up (with me).
我跑太快了,彼得跟不上我。
Drive faster and try to catch up with that bus.
開快一點,想辦法趕上公車。
Michael couldn't catch up with the other students.
麥克跟不上其他學生。
Drew needed to catch up on his homework.
得祿需要加把勁趕上功課進度。
Let's have lunch and catch up on what's been happening.
我們一起吃午餐,聊聊近況吧。
Reading the reports helped Mia catch up with the company's situation.
閱讀報表得以讓米雅瞭解公司的現況。

英語廣角鏡
catch up 在上面的例句中,第一句和第二句就是指實際上「跟上或是趕上(某人、某物)」的意思。如果你要別人跟上來,可以說 catch up。
第三句和第四句的意思則是「趕上(應完成的工作)」。例如,我們要說「編輯總是有一堆工作要趕。」英文的表達方式是 editors always have to catch up on their work。
讀者可能會疑惑,catch up 後面什麼時候要用 with,什麼時候又要用 on 呢?
使用 catch up with 的時候,意思是要趕上的人也同時在前進;但是如果用 catch up on 則表示目標已經設定好了,就等著你趕上。兩者意思略有不同,讀者要分清楚喔。

最後,be caught up in 是指「被捲入、被陷入(某種困境)」的意思。通常,當事人都是在身不由己的情況下被扯進去。

###短文###
Read the following and then answer true or false for each of the questions below.
Police recently caught a car thief who was not very smart. The thief, a thirty-year-old man, was walking along a downtown street when a car caught his eye. As he caught sight of it, he decided he had to have it. He jumped into the front seat, hot-wired the car, and drove off. He drove fast so that if the police saw him, they would not be able to catch up. After a while, he stopped to catch his breath. And from the backseat came a policeman, who arrested the man. He had stolen a police car! The of cer had gone into the back seat to catch a few Zs, and woke up to nd the car being driven away.
#Q
1. The man decided he wanted the car after seeing it.
2. The thief was quite intelligent.
3. The thief drove fast so that he could find the police.
4. The thief stopped so that he could look for something.
5. The policeman went into the backseat so that he could catch a car thief.
6. The man was arrested when he was resting after stealing the car.
#A/T/F/F/F/F/T

###測試###
I. Fill in the Blanks
Fill in the blanks with the following words. Change the tense of the verbs if needed.
#Q
1. Ollie is tired because he only __()__ to the park last night.
2. Bette loved the necklace as soon as __()__ it.
3. Michael wasn't ready when we came; he was __()__ .
4. It is cold outside; wear a coat or you __()__ .
5. Leslie __()__ as soon as I explained it to her.
6. After she stopped and __()__ , Helen was ready to exercise some more.
#A/caught a few hour's sleep/caught sight of it/caught off guard/will catch a cold/caught on/caught her breath
II. The Right Word
Use the following words to fill in the blanks.
Donna caught a __()__ and had to stay home from school for a week. Afterward, she had to catch __()__ her homework; she had to catch __()__ with other students. But there was too much to do. After an hour, she said to her friend Katy, "I need to catch __()__ !" Katy said, "I'll do you a favor and help." But when Katy sat at Donna's desk to work, it caught the teacher's __()__ As soon as the teacher caught __()__ of Katy, she said, "Ah-ha! I caught you two cheating -- __()__ !" But Donna just read the instructions on the paper. They said, "Psychology Project: Students should know their teacher. Find a way to catch your teacher's attention."
#A/cold/up on/up with/my breath/eye/sight/red-handed

###句子###
1. 我們來玩接球遊戲吧。
Let's play catch.

2. 我的夾克被門夾住了。
My jacket got caught in the door.

3. 我今天晚上要加班趕工作。
Tonight I have to work overtime to catch up on my work.

4. 讓我坐下來喘口氣吧。
Let me sit down and catch my breath.

5. 我是絕對不會做那種事的!
You won't catch me doing that!

6. 她可撈到了個好丈夫,長得又帥又有錢。
Her husband is a good catch. He is handsome and rich.

7. 這張照片充分捕捉到她的笑容。
The picture really catches her smile.

8. 你說的第一點我聽不太懂,可以再說一遍嗎?
I didn't quite catch your first point; can you say it again?

9. 我找你找好久了。
I've been trying to catch you for a long time.

10. 她撞見他們同床共枕。
She caught them in bed together.

11. KTV 在台灣很流行,但在美國卻從未風行過。
Karaoke is popular in Taiwan, but it never really caught on in America.





catch a cold
感冒

catch as catch can
用一切辦法

catch at a straw
撈救命稻草; 作最後絕望掙扎

catch cold
感冒

catch fire
著火

catch one's breath
喘息, 屏息

catch one's eye
引起某人的注意

catch phrase
引人注意的文句, 警句, 標語

catch sight of
看到

catch up
很快拾起; 纏住; 趕上




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