1. Awake = 醒著的、清醒的

–> Awaken = 喚醒、使覺醒



2. Black = 黑色的、黑暗的

–> Blacken = 變黑、變暗

e.g. She blackened her face with coal.



3. Bright = 明亮的、鮮亮的、歡快的

–> Brighten = 使明亮、使生輝、使快樂

e.g. Your flowers brighten the room.



4. Damp = 潮濕的、消沈的

–> Dampen = 弄濕、使消沈

e.g. The rain dampened our spirits.



5. Deaf = 聾的

–> Deafen = 使聾、把…震聾



6. Flat = 平的、平坦的

–> Flatten = 使平坦、弄平



7. Hard = 硬的、堅固的

–> Harden = 使變硬、使變堅固

e.g. Wait for the clay to harden.



8. Loose = 鬆的、鬆開的、散放的

–> Loosen = 鬆開、解開、放鬆

e.g. It was just a joke. Loosen up.



9. Sad = 悲哀的、悲痛的

–> Sadden = 使悲傷、使難過

e.g. We were all saddened by the news.



10. Soft = 柔軟的、輕柔的

–> Soften = 變柔軟

–> Softener [n.] = 柔軟劑



11. Sweet = 甜的

–> Sweeten = 使變甜、使變香

–> Sweetener [n.] = 增甜劑、糖精



12. Weak = 弱的、衰弱的

–> Weaken = 變弱、變衰弱

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